When Sears filed for bankruptcy last fall, many Chicagoans found themselves reminiscing about its glory days, particularly in North Lawndale, on the city’s West Side, where the retailer’s original headquarters still stand.
Built in the early 1900s, the site was the nerve center of Sears’s national mail order business. One of the largest and grandest industrial complexes in the United States, it was where products were made and the store’s catalog was printed. Features included an elaborate garden and a 14-story neo-Classical tower that broadcast the company’s radio station, WLS, which stood for World’s Largest Store.
“It really was a city unto itself,” said Eric Rogers, a community outreach manager at the Chicago Architecture Center. About a third of the 55-acre complex, including the tower, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1978.
Being the home base of an iconic company was a source of pride to many residents. But when Sears moved its headquarters downtown in the early 1970s, its North Lawndale buildings and the surrounding neighborhood fell into decline. As jobs disappeared and other businesses closed, North Lawndale’s population decreased, from a peak of 125,000 in 1960 to about 35,000 today.
In recent years, however, the former Sears complex has re-emerged to benefit the neighborhood, with the bulk of the buildings being converted into schools, affordable housing and community programs. Only two major structures on the site remain vacant: the five-story original Sears headquarters and the 10-story former headquarters of Allstate, the insurance company Sears founded in 1931. Both buildings were sold in August, with renovations expected to begin soon.
Repurposed industrial sites have become common in the past decade. Some of the spaces have been converted into parks like Crescent Park in New Orleans, created out of industrial wharves, while others have been transformed into art venues like Atlanta’s Goat Farm Arts Center, a former cotton machinery plant, and Detroit’s Russell Industrial Center, originally an auto parts factory.
Several projects even feature former Sears buildings that were satellites of the North Lawndale complex, part of a national network connected by railroad. Crosstown Concourse in Memphis, Ponce City Market in Atlanta and the Midtown Global Market in Minneapolis are all repurposed Sears buildings.
Redevelopment of the North Lawndale complex began in the early 1990s, predating many similar projects in other cities. But progress was slow because of the site’s vast size and its location in a residential neighborhood, which developers wanted to serve rather than disrupt.
“It was quite an undertaking,” said Kristin Dean, former president of the Foundation for Homan Square, the organization Sears formed to oversee the redevelopment. “The first couple years were just spent planning and trying to figure out, ‘What do you do with that much land and that much square footage in that location?’”
The developers opted to tear down the merchandise building, by far the largest structure on the site, which extended two blocks and boasted three million square feet of floor space.
“It was so big that it was oppressive,” Ms. Dean said. They then used the remaining land to build housing, a small school, a Y.M.C.A. child-care facility and a 70,000-square-foot community center with a health clinic and an indoor swimming pool. Today, the property also includes an urban farm.
The rest of the redevelopment took place incrementally, with some of the buildings, including the former Sears and Allstate headquarters, sold off along the way. The former Sears power plant, where the company once burned its own coal, became a charter school in 2009, with LEED Platinum certification because of its green features.
Six years later, the tower, now called Nichols Tower, reopened as offices for community nonprofit programs, and in 2017, the building where the once-ubiquitous Sears catalogs were printed was converted into 181 affordable apartments.
Each project was designed to help revitalize North Lawndale. The neighborhood, which is predominantly African-American, has struggled with poverty and government neglect for decades. In 1966, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. stayed in an apartment there to highlight the deplorable conditions, which included broken doors and rodent infestations. He used the experience to campaign against discriminatory housing practices nationwide, which helped pave the way for the Fair Housing Act.
King’s assassination two years later prompted riots that damaged several buildings in North Lawndale. The departure of Sears and other industrial employers not long afterward destabilized the neighborhood even further, sending it into a deep economic depression, during which the unemployment rate rose to 58 percent, according to census data.
Watching Sears leave was especially painful for many North Lawndale residents because it had been a fixture for so long.
“Symbolically, when I think of Sears and that tower, that was always home. That was always North Lawndale,” said Marcus Betts, an assistant vice chancellor at the University of Illinois at Chicago who has lived in the neighborhood most of his life.
In addition to jobs, the company had provided neighborhood services, such as after-school programs. Some residents developed a personal connection to the business that persists to this day.
Blanche Killingsworth, the chairwoman of the North Lawndale Historical and Cultural Society, worked at the Sears complex as a teenager. When she heard that Sears had filed for bankruptcy protection and faced liquidation, “I felt like I had lost a friend,” she said.
The emotional memories of the complex gave developers added incentive not only to reuse the vacant buildings but to restore their community purpose. Providing quality, affordable housing became a top priority of the redevelopment.
The area was so large, it was given its own name — Homan Square, after the main street that intersects the complex. It was marketed as a new community within North Lawndale, which helped bring middle-class homeowners back to the neighborhood. The roughly 350 housing units filled up quickly, and retail activity, including a new grocery store and North Lawndale’s first Starbucks, soon followed.
“From the mid-1990s through about 2006, there was what seemed like a really good trajectory,” said Kevin Sutton, executive director of the Foundation for Homan Square and one of the development’s first homeowners.
But the 2008 financial crisis hit the area hard. The Starbucks closed after a year and a half, and the new grocery store was replaced by a lower-end one with limited produce. North Lawndale still lacks grocery stores today. In 2017, residents were discouraged when what appeared to be a new corner store on their block turned out to be part of a TV show set.
When basic retail options are scarce, any new development, even a corner store, can feel promising, Mr. Betts said. “These are things that get you excited because it gets you one step closer to normal,” he said.
Mark Angelini, president of the organization that converted the Sears printing building into affordable apartments, said he believed North Lawndale’s retail options would expand as its housing continued to improve.
“That’s one reason we wanted to complete our redevelopment,” he said. “The more rooftops we get in there, that helps justify other retail investments.”
But the limited commercial activity has also allowed community nonprofit organizations to shine. Around the corner from the former Sears site stands the gleaming new headquarters of UCAN, a center for disadvantaged youths that moved to North Lawndale in 2016.
Nichols Tower has become a hub of community empowerment. Two floors are occupied by the North Lawndale Employment Network, which helps residents find jobs and operates Sweet Beginnings, a program that trains formerly incarcerated residents to become beekeepers at local apiaries.
Other nonprofit groups in the building include educational and housing programs; the Lawndale Business Renaissance Association, which is working to bring industrial jobs back to the neighborhood; and a branch of the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, which hosts exhibits and community workshops. The top floor, which offers views of the city, functions as an events space.
“This is a center where a lot of beams of hope are getting shot out,” said E. Bernard Jennings, the executive director of the business association. “Maybe that’s why we’re the tallest building, so we can make sure we can shoot those beams out.”B:
买马135买几号（【如】【果】【选】【了】1，【后】【续】）（） …… 【尹】【鹤】：“【也】【没】【人】【邀】【请】【我】【啊】。” “【鹤】【叔】【不】【愧】【是】【鹤】【叔】，【我】【想】【听】【演】【唱】【会】，【还】【得】【费】【劲】【巴】【拉】【地】【抢】【票】，【抢】【的】【还】【是】【很】【垃】【圾】【的】【位】【置】，【您】【要】【是】【想】【去】，【跟】【村】【花】【说】【一】【声】，【她】【还】【能】【不】【邀】【请】【你】【啊】。” 【尹】【鹤】【看】【了】【茂】【茂】【一】【眼】，【见】【他】【无】【比】【热】【切】，【顿】【时】【明】【白】【了】【他】【的】【心】【思】，“【你】【票】【的】【位】【置】【不】【太】【好】【啊】？” “【这】
【第】362【章】【节】【约】【一】【点】【好】【吗】 【所】【以】【可】【以】【说】，【在】【这】【件】【事】【之】【后】，【有】【点】【好】【的】【感】【觉】，【伱】【们】【终】【于】【变】【成】【了】【那】【些】【讨】【厌】【它】【们】【的】【阿】【格】【里】【尼】【翁】【雷】【耶】【庞】【贝】***【热】【情】【的】【粉】【丝】【那】【些】【热】【情】【的】【粉】【丝】【现】【在】【急】【于】【除】【掉】【它】【们】。 【据】【说】【阿】【格】【里】【尼】【翁】【雷】【耶】【庞】【贝】***【输】【给】【了】【普】【拉】【塔】【尼】【亚】【斯】【布】【赖】【斯】***【甚】【至】【华】【斯】【兰】【德】【贝】【弗】【伦】【尤】【里】【乌】【斯】***，【但】【是】【它】【们】【们】【被】【巴】【西】【圣】
【折】【笛】【接】【到】【凌】【潇】【湘】【的】【传】【信】【也】【有】【些】【惊】【讶】，【因】【为】【他】【感】【觉】【帝】【君】【的】【这】【个】【贵】【客】【虽】【然】【看】【着】【很】【好】【相】【处】，【实】【际】【上】【极】【为】【高】【冷】【难】【相】【处】。 【当】【然】，【她】【对】【任】【何】【人】【都】【是】【如】【沐】【春】【风】【般】【的】【温】【柔】，【但】【是】，【没】【有】【人】【能】【真】【正】【靠】【近】【她】【的】【内】【心】。 【折】【笛】【对】【凌】【潇】【湘】【没】【兴】【趣】，【所】【以】【他】【们】【也】【不】【过】【是】【点】【头】【之】【交】【而】【已】。 【现】【在】【凌】【潇】【湘】【却】【煞】【有】【介】【事】【地】【让】【她】【的】【隐】【卫】【都】【来】【传】【信】【了】。
【谷】【天】【嘴】【中】【怒】【吼】【一】【声】，【瞬】【间】【从】【段】**【的】【幻】【境】【之】【中】【挣】【脱】【了】【出】【来】，【不】【过】【下】【一】【刻】【一】【把】【星】【辰】【之】【剑】【则】【是】【直】【接】【斩】【落】【而】【来】！ 【谷】【天】【毫】【不】【犹】【豫】，【身】【后】【三】【尊】【火】【焰】【战】【魂】【则】【是】【瞬】【间】【爆】【发】，【向】【着】【那】【星】【辰】【之】【剑】【便】【是】【轰】【去】！ 【两】【人】【的】【攻】【击】【瞬】【间】【爆】【炸】，【下】【一】【刻】【段】**【再】【度】【斩】【出】【第】【二】【剑】【摘】【星】【剑】【法】，【比】【之】【前】【更】【为】【可】【怕】【的】【星】【辰】【之】【剑】【则】【是】【落】【来】！ 【而】【此】【刻】，【叶】【一】
“【让】【我】【考】【虑】【考】【虑】。” 【纵】【然】【宁】【丹】【吹】【得】【天】【花】【乱】【坐】，【殇】【素】【素】【依】【然】【没】【有】【冲】【动】，【炼】【丹】【这】【件】【事】【不】【仅】【需】【要】【对】【火】【属】【性】【元】【气】【不】【极】【高】【的】【亲】【和】【力】，【还】【要】【有】【极】【其】【苛】【刻】【的】【药】【理】【天】【赋】。 【现】【在】【遇】【到】【要】【决】【定】【自】【己】【的】【未】【来】【的】【大】【事】，【她】【慎】【之】【又】【慎】，【可】【别】【像】【当】【初】【学】【习】【人】【类】【功】【法】，【反】【而】【延】【误】【自】【己】【的】【修】【行】。 【当】【然】，【以】《【祖】【凰】【经】》【为】【主】《【禁】【咒】【荼】【语】》【为】【辅】，【其】买马135买几号【一】【群】【超】【品】【移】【山】【巅】【峰】【的】【大】【高】【手】，【当】【中】【有】【天】【人】【转】【世】，【有】【妖】【国】【余】【孽】，【更】【有】【身】【负】【魔】【族】【战】【宝】【的】【奇】【人】。【九】【大】【高】【手】【联】【手】，【斗】【一】【个】【先】【天】【八】【品】【的】【病】【秧】【子】。【当】【中】【魏】【无】【极】【是】【准】【宗】【师】【级】【别】【的】【大】【人】【物】。【更】【有】【冉】【飞】【雄】【这】【种】【百】【年】【难】【遇】【的】【刀】【道】【大】【天】【才】，【注】【定】【了】【要】【问】【鼎】【大】【宗】【师】【的】【人】【杰】。【最】【终】【的】【结】【果】【就】【是】，【付】【出】【了】【一】【死】【四】【重】【伤】【的】【巨】【大】【代】【价】【后】，【竟】【没】【有】【一】【个】【人】【能】【接】【近】
【苏】【世】【舫】【一】【副】【小】【媳】【妇】【的】【模】【样】，【被】【安】【琉】【璃】【甩】【开】【手】【之】【后】，【就】【露】【出】【了】【一】【个】【泫】【然】【欲】【泣】【的】【表】【情】。 【眼】【泪】【汪】【汪】【地】【看】【着】【安】【琉】【璃】，【好】【像】【她】【做】【了】【什】【么】【十】【恶】【不】【赦】【之】【事】【一】【样】。 【安】【琉】【璃】：……… 【她】【忽】【然】【有】【些】【怀】【疑】【自】【己】【的】【性】【别】，【是】【不】【是】【她】【娘】【说】【错】【了】，【她】【根】【本】【就】【不】【是】【一】【个】【女】【人】，【而】【是】【一】【个】【汉】【纸】。 【而】【苏】【世】【舫】【其】【实】【是】【个】【假】【男】【人】，【他】【是】【女】【扮】【男】【装】【的】
【结】【果】【御】【景】【刚】【刚】【转】【身】，【她】【身】【后】【就】【传】【来】【一】【道】【清】【冷】【的】【男】【声】。 “【小】【姐】【有】【什】【么】【吩】【咐】？” 【御】【景】【双】【眼】【一】【亮】，【再】【回】【头】【就】【看】【到】【原】【本】【黑】【暗】【的】【地】【方】【突】【然】【多】【出】【来】【个】【人】，【那】【人】【穿】【着】【黑】【色】【夜】【行】【衣】，【蒙】【着】【面】，【恭】【敬】【的】【半】【膝】【跪】【地】。 【御】【景】【一】【眼】【就】【看】【了】【出】【来】，【这】【就】【是】【她】【爹】【给】【她】【留】【下】【的】【暗】【卫】，【当】【时】【有】【些】【高】【兴】，【走】【过】【去】【轻】【声】【问】【道】“【我】【爹】【是】【不】【是】【也】【跟】【着】【一】【块】